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Wednesday, August 5, 2020 | History

1 edition of Primate lymphotropic retroviruses and oncogenesis found in the catalog.

Primate lymphotropic retroviruses and oncogenesis

Primate lymphotropic retroviruses and oncogenesis

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Published by Munksgaard in Copenhagen .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • HTLV (Viruses),
  • HTLV infections.,
  • Retroviruses.,
  • Retrovirus infections.,
  • Interleukin-2.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    Statementguest editor: Yorio Hinuma.
    SeriesCancer reviews -- v. 1 (Feb. 1986), Cancer reviews -- v. 1 (Feb. 1986), Cancer reviews -- v. 1.
    ContributionsHinuma, Yorio, 1925-
    The Physical Object
    Pagination135 p. :
    Number of Pages135
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18957981M

    Abstract. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) of man is a member of a large group of lymphotropic herpesviruses of primates. These viruses have been isolated from prosimians, New World and Old World monkeys, apes, and man. Familial Transmission and Minimal Sequence Variability of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type I (HTLV-I) in Zaire. Geographic and Molecular Epidemiology of Primate T Lymphotropic Retroviruses: HTLV-I, HTLV-II, STLV-I, STLV-PP, and PTLV-L Questions on the Evolution of Primate T-Lymphotropic Viruses Raised by Molecular and Epidemiological.

    Human T-lymphotropic virus type 4 (HTLV-4) is a new deltaretrovirus recently identified in a primate hunter in Cameroon. Limited sequence analysis previously showed that HTLV-4 may be distinct from HTLV-1, HTLV-2, and HTLV-3, and their simian counterparts, STLV-1, STLV-2, and STLV-3, respectively. Mansfield Keith, in The Laboratory Primate, Simian T lymphotropic virus. STLV refers to a group of related type C retroviruses known to infect a number of nonhuman primate species. These agents are closely related to Human T-lymphotropic Virus type-1 of man (Franchini and Reitz, Jr., ).

    The human T-lymphotropic virus, human T-cell lymphotropic virus, or human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma virus family of viruses are a group of human retroviruses that are known to cause a type of cancer called adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and a demyelinating disease called HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. The HTLVs belong to a larger group of primate T-lymphotropic viruses. HTLV-1 originated from ancient zoonotic transmission from nonhuman primates, although cases of zoonotic infections continue to occur. Similar to HTLV-1, the simian counterpart, STLV-1, causes chronic infection and leukemia and lymphoma in naturally infected monkeys, and combined are called primate T-lymphotropic viruses (PTLV-1).


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Primate lymphotropic retroviruses and oncogenesis Download PDF EPUB FB2

Analysis of a molecular clone recovered from a walleye dermal sarcoma reveals that the agent is a complex retrovirus and shares features with spumaviruses, C-type murine retroviruses, and lentiviruses (Martineau et al.

; Holzschu et al. ) (see Chapter 2. This picture suggests that the virus probably defines a new retroviral genus. Author(s): Hinuma,Yorio, Title(s): Primate lymphotropic retroviruses and oncogenesis/ guest editor: Yorio Hinuma.

Country of Publication: Denmark. Human T-cell leukemia viruses (HTLVs), belonging to the primate T-lymphotropic virus (PTLV) family 1, are complex retroviruses. HTLVs are classified as the Delta-retroviruses genera of the Orthoretrovirinae subfamily 2.

Approximately 30 years ago, simian T-lymphotropic viruses (STLVs) were transmitted from monkeys to humans in Africa and gradually evolved into by: 8.

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), a rapidly progressing clonal malignancy of CD4+ T by: 8.

Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 (HTLV-1): Molecular Biology and Oncogenesis. by Priya Kannian 1,2 and Patrick L. Green 1,2,3,4,* 1. Center for Retrovirus Research, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OHUSA.

Department of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OHUSA. by: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus I and II are thought to have evolved from simian T-lymphotropic retroviruses that were transmitted to humans over the past centuries or millenia. Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a complex leukemogenic retrovirus with a single stranded positive sense RNA genome that expresses unique proteins with oncogenic potential.

There are four known strains of HTLV, of which HTLV-1 and HTLV-2. Mechanisms of retrovirus-induced oncogenesis Article Literature Review in Folia biologica 46(6) February with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Cross-species transmission of retroviruses is common in Cameroon. To determine risk for simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) transmission from nonhuman primates to hunters, we examined   Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) infection was incorrectly associated with prostate cancer and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in recent years.

In this forum, we discuss the story of XMRV and how we can apply lessons learned here to inform the debate surrounding cancers associated with human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs).

Retroviruses: Molecular Biology, Genomics and Pathogenesis Article (PDF Available) in Clinical Infectious Diseases 52(2) December with Reads How we measure 'reads'. These retroviruses belong to three distinct retrovirus groups (Coffin, ): (1) the HTLV/BLV group (formerly included among the oncovirus family), which includes the type C human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma viruses (HTLV) types I and II (Sugamura and Hinuma, ) and the simian T-lymphotropic viruses (STLV) type I; (2) the lentiviruses.

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), a rapidly progressing clonal malignancy of CD4+ T lymphocytes. The findings also indicate that cross-species transmission is not the rate-limiting step in pandemic retrovirus emergence and suggest that it may be possible to predict and prevent disease emergence by surveillance of populations exposed to animal reservoirs and interventions to decrease risk factors, such as primate hunting.

Cross-species transmission of retroviruses is common in Cameroon. To determine risk for simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) transmission from nonhuman primates to hunters, we examined hunter-collected dried blood spots (DBS) from 12 species for STLV. Parasite Diversity and Diversification - edited by Serge Morand February A study in baboons.

IN VIVO 12(5):Sakakibara, I [Hamartoma of the lung in a cynomolgus fetus.] TPC NEWS 16(1): 20, (Japanese w/ supplementary English summary) Sanguineti-Diaz C; Rodriguez-Tafur J; Patarca R Primate retroviruses and oncogenesis. CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ONCOGENESIS 9(): oncogenesis (14,15; W.M.

Switzer et al., unpub. data). The recent discovery of HTLV-3 and HTLV-4 dem-onstrates that the diversity of PTLV is far from understood Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus Diversity among Nonhuman Primates, Cameroon David M. Sintasath, Nathan D. Wolfe,1 Matthew LeBreton, Hongwei Jia, Albert D.

Garcia. Chimp genome reveals a retroviral invasion in primate evolution Date: April 5, Source: Public Library Of Science Summary: Comparison of human and other primate. Retroviruses cause tumors by a wide variety of mechanisms, but a common theme is the activation of oncogenes.

Induction of tumors by nonacutely transforming retroviruses is due to retroviral insertion adjacent to cellular proto-oncogenes. A new primate retrovirus, STLV-III AGM ' has been recently isolated from healthy African green monkeys and is apparently nonpathogenic in its natural host.

However, spontaneous infection as well as inoculation of STLV-III AGM into macaques induces a disease with clinical features that resemble human AIDS. Independent isolates of human retroviruses, serologically closely related to STLV-III AGM.found: Primate lymphotropic retroviruses and oncogenesis, t.p.

(Yorio Hinuma, Kyoto, Japan) p. 96 (Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto Univ.).The D-type retroviruses 1–3, although important pathogens in macaque monkey colonies, are not satisfactory as a model because they differ in genetic structure and pathophysiologi-cal properties.